The top four hyperpigmentation treatments are chemical peels, IPL, laser and pigmentation creams such as hydroquinone, which best treatment for excess pigmentation depends on what is causing the excess pigment and often involves combination therapy. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and melasma are treated with chemical peels and a skin whitening cream, whereas skin discolouration from sun exposure or hereditary is treated with IPL and laser.
What is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is the excess production of melanin, causing skin discolouration and dark spots on the skin. The most popular hyperpigmentation treatments are pigmentation creams followed by peels, then laser and IPL.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
The examples of skin pigmentation include age spots, liver spots, melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and dark spots on the skin from sun damage. Skin discolouration from sun includes freckles, age spots and liver spots. Melasma is also caused in part from the sun.
Chemical Peel for Hyperpigmentation Treatment
Chemical peels assist in removing excess pigment by removing old damaged surface skin. Peels exfoliate excess melanin and stimulate new layers of healthy skin. Jessner peels, TCA peels or Vitamin A peels are our preferred peels for hyperpigmentation treatment. A series of peels are required and are commonly combined with skin whitening creams.
IPL to get rid of Skin Discolouration
IPL (intense pulsed light treatment) or photo facial is an excellent choice to reduce most skin discolouration caused by sun damage. It targets red from capillaries and brown from age spots and liver spots in one treatment. Not only reducing dark spots on the skin but also restoring an evener skin tone. IPL cannot be used on darker skin types. IPL is unsuitable to treat post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Laser Treatment for Skin Discolouration
There are several effective laser treatments to remove excess dark spots on the skin. There are specific lasers that target pigment such which provide a quick, targeted reduction in skin discolouration. Freckles & birthmarks are excellent candidates. Multiple treatments may be required to reduce skin discolouration. Laser resurfacing with C02 is a more in-depth laser treatment with a longer recovery. As an extra benefit CO2 laser resurfacing can treat fine lines & wrinkling and other skin concerns at the same time. The type of laser will depend on you your skin type and diagnosis. Laser treatment for melasma requires specialised low heat lasers to avoid rebound in the pigmentation.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a specific typer of skin colouration. It occurs after trauma to the skin in people with darker skin types. The injury can come from a burn, sunburn, chemical burn acne and other skin injections. Anything which heats the skin such as laser and IPL should be avoided in this type of pigment. Instead, the areas should be treated with hydroquinone cream or other skin whitening treatments.
Pigmentation Cream to Reduce Dark Spots on Skin
Lastly, there is a range of skin lightening creams which can be used alone or in combination for hyperpigmentation treatment. The best cream for pigmentation is undoubtedly hydroquinone. However, it is often used in conjunction with other pigmentation creams. It works exceptionally well for post-inflammatory conditions from acne and melasma. The combinations of treatment can include a range of lotions including vitamin A, B, C, arbutin, kojic acid, Symwhite.
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