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Monthly Archives : November 2012

What Causes Wrinkles And How To Prevent Them.

There is a range of factors that contribute to skin ageing that is necessary to understand. Altering these factors can prevent and reduce not only wrinkles but the textural, tonal and colour changes of skin ageing. So what causes wrinkles?

The principal causes of wrinkle formation are sun damage, free radical damage & inflammation in the skin from diet, stress and skin irritants.

1. Sun Damage & Wrinkle Formation.

Ultraviolet radiation is the principal cause of facial aging and wrinkles. These harmful rays:

  • break down collagen and elastin fibres
  • damage cell DNA
  • generate free radicals
  • deplete the skin of antioxidants
  • lower the immunity of the skin
  • create inflammation

Cumulatively over the years, damage leads to wrinkling formation, pigmentation, changes to the skin texture and tone, surface capillaries, enlarging pores and potentially skin cancers.

2. Free radicals and wrinkles.

Free radicals are unstable molecules that are produced by our body cells every day as an integral part of providing energy for their survival. Once formed, these unstable molecules set off a cascade of destruction, called ‘free radical damage’: potentially damaging vital cell structures and triggering an inflammatory response.

  • Sunlight, cigarette smoke and pollution speed up the free-radical formation.
  • Free radical damage is a significant contributor to wrinkle formation as well as cancer, heart and degenerative diseases.

Anti- Oxidants Essential To Stop Free Radical Damage

Anti-oxidants are a diverse group of substances (found in the food we eat, products we put on our skin and produced by the body) that block free radical damage.

Antioxidants have anti-aging, anti-wrinkle and UV protection benefits. It is best to eat anti-oxidant rich foods and to put a mix of antioxidants on your skin each day for optimum protection.

3. Smoking Speeds Up Skin Aging.

A great reason to give up smoking it causes:

  • Increased wrinkle formation.
  • Yellow, irregular thickening of the skin.
  • Increase in grey hair.
  • And all of these effects are more pronounced in women than men!

3. Sugar Causes Wrinkles.

As well as contributing to diabetes, heart disease and a host of degenerative diseases SUGAR, and other high GI carbohydrates are significant contributors to wrinkle formation.

To be used as fuel in the body, these carbohydrates are broken down to glucose. Glucose in excess in the body binds to proteins- a process known as glycation. These glycated proteins thus form bridges between themselves, so instead of smaller flexible proteins you have stiff, inflexible structures, causing hardening of the arteries, and you guessed it wrinkles.

Excess sugar=glycalation=AGE = wrinkles

The end products of glycation – or Advanced Glycation End-products – are known as AGE for short. As it happens, AGE is what they do to our bodies and our looks.

4. Stress and wrinkles.

Stress in the body both physical and emotional cause changes to our hormonal system, adversely ageing by increasing inflammation at a cellular level.

In modern life, we are subjected to enormous amounts of mental stress with prolonged periods of elevated stress hormones, which cause inflammation, damage and premature ageing.

5. Air Pollution

Speeds up ageing by producing free radicals in the skin. In large amounts, free radicals damage cell membranes and interact with the genetic material. Free radicals contribute to the formation of wrinkles and other skin disorders.

5. Skin Irritants & Inflammation

It is well recognised that repeated small insults on the skin in the way of physical trauma, skin diseases and chemical trauma cause inflammation. Imperfect healing of this injury accumulates to increase ageing of the skin and wrinkle formation.

Many skin products contain ingredients that are known skin irritants. Alcohol, fragrances and essential oils added for fragrant qualities such as menthol, eucalyptus and citrus oils are all highly irritating for the skin.

Like sun damage, the impact of these may not be immediately visible, although some people develop instant breakouts, or allergy reactions, many people, have a micro-inflammation that cumulatively over time increased ageing of the skin.

In summary the answer to the question ‘what causes wrinkles?’ is multifactorial. However, there are measures to prevent them and treatments including anti-wrinkle injections and dermal fillers once they have formed.

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10 Anti- Aging Super Foods

Free radical damage is the primary cause of skin aging so it is no surprise that most of the 10 super foods are antioxidant rich, natural foods. The colour you see in food is the antioxidant nutrient that is vital to protect against wrinkle causing free radicals.

Like the antioxidants you put on your skin it is best to eat a variety of different colour groups to get your antioxidant cocktail.The darker green, red, yellow, orange, purple it is you can be certain it will be better for you.

There are other super foods that help in cellular repair and energy production and settling damaging cellular inflammation.

The 10 Super Foods

    1. Vegetables
    2. Fruits
    3. Fish Salmon, Tuna & Sardines
    4. Whole Grains, Pulses, Lentils & Beans
    5. Seeds & Nuts.
    6. Herbs & Spices
    7. Dark Chocolate
    8. Yogurt & Kefir
    9. Antioxidant Rich Drinks.
    10. Seaweed (Hijiki, Wakame, Kelp, Nori)

1. Vegetables.

5 standouts in the vegetable section:

  • Dark, Leafy Greens like spinach (Omega 3, vitamin A) are excellent anti-aging.
  • Dark orange vegetables. Sweet potato, squash, pumpkin, carrots, and even orange peppers are rich in bioflavanoids for anti-wrinkle benefits.
  • Onions, garlic, chives, leeks, shallots and scallions rich in flavonoids.
  • Hot Peppers (chilli) capsaincinoids are antioxidant & anti inflammatory.
  • Beetroot for betacyanin antioxidant.
  • 2. Fruits.

    4 standouts in the fruit section:

  • Blueberries with anthocyanins is one of the best fruits to retard wrinkles.
  • Tomatoes contain the anti-oxidant lycopene that protects skin from sun damage.
  • Citrus Fruits (bioflavonoids) help protect skin from UV rays and to build collagen.
  • Avocados (monounsaturated fats that reduce cellular inflammation)
  • 3. Fish

  • The stand out performer is salmon but all cold water fish such as tuna and sardines are rich in omega 3.
  • The pigment that makes salmon pink, astaxanthin is a powerful foe of free radicals. A study found that eating one serving every five days can prevent precancerous sun spots.
  • 4. Whole Grains, Pulses, Lentils & Beans

  • Whole grains—brown rice and quinoa , buckwheat are excellent sources of rutin and B vitamins that combat inflammation-related skin damage
  • Beans and Lentils high in protein, low in fat, contain good carbohydrates AND contain antioxidants that protect against aging.
  • Soy Beans contains daidzein that activates proteins linked to regulation of aging and longevity.
  • 5. Seeds & Nuts.

  • Nuts decrease your risk of cancer, heart disease and diabetes, control your weight and reduce wrinkle formation. All nuts are fantastic almonds being a favourite however here a couple of others that deserve a mention.
  • Walnuts contain the most alpha-linolenic omega-3 fatty acids, which lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and may reduce inflammation in arteries. Walnuts are also a great source of antioxidants, vitamin E, and selenium all good for your skin.
  • Flaxseed contains Omega-3 fatty acids which speed up cell metabolism and reduce inflammation in the skin and body.
  • 6. Herbs & Spices

    All herbs and spices have benefits but the 3 superstar performers.

  • Turmeric is anti inflammatory and powerful antioxidant that protects the skin.
  • Oregano has Superstar levels of antioxidants, half teaspoon of dried oregano = a whole bowl of spinach.
  • Cinnamon has one of the highest antioxidant levels of all herbs and spices it helps protect against wrinkles and stabilises blood sugar to protect against diabetes.
  • 7. Dark Chocolate

    Chocolate is high in flavonoids, substances that have been shown to improve blood flow, improve memory, and give you hydrated, smooth skin.

  • Turn Back the Clock: Enjoy a few individually wrapped tasting squares of 70 percent or darker chocolate every day.
  • 8. Yogurt & Kefir 

  • Fermented and cultured foods contains probiotics that actively promote optimal health in your body and skin.
  • 9. Antioxidant Rich Drinks.

  • Green Tea: The antioxidants in green tea have been found to protect against shortening of DNA sequences on our chromosomes. This impact means cells age slower and drinking on average 3 cups of green tea per day means you will live a additional 5 years.
  • Red wine contains the anti aging-giant resveratrol which protects against cellular damage and aging.
  • 10. Seaweed

    Seaweed is where fish get their Omega-3’s meaning you can skip the fish and go straight to the seaweed. Seaweed also contains powerful antioxidants like green leafy vegetables & sea minerals.

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    redirectedFreckles – Treatments To Lessen Their Appearance

    Freckles are caused from sun exposure at a young age and with the high UV index in Brisbane freckles and other forms of sun damage are common. Freckles can be treated with a couple of different methods. The number of treatments, cost and downtime vary. The most important factor however is to start with daily use of sun protection.

    Free Assessment With Our Team.

    We offer you a free assessment with our Cosmetic Doctors, Nurses & therapists to discuss your treatment options.

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    IPL & Laser Freckle Removal

    • IPL is effective to fade freckles.
    • There is an initial darkening of the pigmentation that takes 3-4 weeks to fade.
    • Generally 2-3 treatments are required.

    Peels For Freckle Removal

    • Chemical peels come in different types, strengths and capabilities. 30% TCA peels are effective in freckle removal.
    • Treatment requires 6-8 days downtime.
    • Generally one treatment is required

    Free Assessment With Our Team.

    We offer you a free assessment with our Cosmetic Doctors, Nurses & therapists to discuss your treatment options.

    Call Us On 3350 5447 For A Free Consultation.

    EMAIL Us With Any Queries.

    Call on 3350 5447 to Book a FREE Assessment  
    * DISCLAIMER: Results may vary from person to person.